Billy Joel Biography
Review The Artist (40)
BORN: May 9, 1949, Hicksville, Long Island, NY
Billy Joel was born William Martin Joel on May 9, 1949 in Bronx, New York. As a young child, his family moved to Levittown, a suburban housing development on Long Island in New York State. Billy discovered classical music at the age of four, a love that has stayed with him to the present day. Billy's early classical piano training provided him with a strong foundation for his future career.
Among his early influences, Billy lists Ray Charles, The Beatles, Dave Brubeck, Sam Cooke, the Rolling Stones, and Otis Redding. His ambition to become a professional musician began to take shape after seeing the Beatles perform on the Ed Sullivan Show. At age 14, Billy joined his first band, The Echoes (later known as the Lost Souls), after noticing, among other things, that it was a foolproof way to meet girls.
By this time, Billy's parents had divorced and, like many single parents, his mother was struggling to make ends meet. While still in junior high school, Billy took professional music jobs at night to help supplement the family income. It was difficult to work all night and still make it to school on time. Although Billy's grades were fine, he was not allowed to graduate with his high school class as a result of too many absences.
In 1968, Billy joined a well-known Long Island band called The Hassles. The Hassles recorded two albums for United Artists, "The Hassles" and "Hour of the Wolf." In 1970, Billy moved on to form Attila, a heavy metal rock duo with Hassles' drummer, Jon Small. Attila recorded one album on Epic Records. Although Billy had an album out, he had to supplement his income during this period with various "straight" jobs such as writing rock criticism for the magazine "Changes," working in a factory, painting Piping Rock Country Club in Locust Valley, Long Island and recording a commercial with Chubby Checker.
Billy signed a solo recording contract in 1972 and released his first album, Cold Spring Harbor (Paramount Records). Named after a village on Long Island's North Shore, it was Billy's first full album of original songs. Meanwhile, a Philadelphia radio station, WMMR-FM, started playing a tape of a new song, Captain Jack, which was taken from a live concert broadcast.
Captain Jack became an underground hit on the East Coast, but legal and financial wrangles caused Billy to disappear to the West Coast in 1973, where he performed in piano bars under the name "Bill Martin." That experience was stored away, later to be retold in the song, Piano Man. Although Billy did his best to keep a low profile in Los Angeles, the notoriety of Captain Jack prompted Columbia Records to track Billy down in Los Angeles and offer him a recording contract. Billy signed with Columbia in the spring and went straight to work on an album with producer, Michael Stewart. His first Top 20 single, Piano Man, was released at the end of the year.
In 1974, Billy and Michael Stewart teamed up again and recorded Streetlife Serenade. The album featured the hit single The Entertainer, and garnered Billy his first crop of music industry awards, including "Best New Male Vocalist" (Cashbox), "Male Artist of the Year" (Music Retailer), and "Record of the Year" (Stereo Review, for Piano Man). Sell-out concert performances at Carnegie Hall and Lincoln Center in New York City confirmed that Billy had achieved permanent headliner status.
Billy moved back to New York in 1975, assembled a new band and began recording the Turnstiles album. Songs such as Say Goodbye to Hollywood, Billy's tribute to Phil Spector (later covered by Ronnie Spector), the torchy New York State of Mind, and anthemic Miami 2017 (Seen the Lights Go Out On Broadway) would join the ranks of Billy's already classic recordings. With the success of Turnstiles, Billy embarked on his first major concert tour. He opened in New York City with a WNEW-FM live broadcast from the Bottom Line and closed 108 SRO performances later with three nights at New York's prestigious Carnegie Hall.
Billy's next album was The Stranger. From the time of its release in 1977 until 1985, The Stranger was the biggest selling album in Columbia Records' history. Billy toured the United States and Europe in support of The Stranger, playing 54 concerts from September to December, including an appearance on "Saturday Night Live." As the New Year began, the album's popularity showed no signs of slowing down. In fact, the Billboard Hot 100 chart for May, 1978, listed three singles from The Stranger (Only the Good Die Young, Movin' Out (Anthony's song), and Just the Way You Are).
In early fall of 1978, with a fourth top 20 single from The Stranger (She's Always A Woman) still charting, Columbia Records released 52nd Street, which went on to become Billy's first #1 album. A 12 week North American tour finished dramatically with three sold-out nights at New York City's Madison Square Garden in December.
In February of 1979, in a hotel room in Paris, Billy received a middle of the night transatlantic phone call informing him that Just The Way You Are had captured "Record Of The Year," and "Song of The Year," giving Billy his first two Grammy Awards. After the European tour ended, Billy traveled to Cuba for "Havana Jam" (March), an historic three day event at the Karl Marx Theater. Spring included two months of U.S. touring, two nights at the Budokan in Tokyo, and a benefit concert for several Long Island charities. In October, with sales of The Stranger and 52nd Street totaling over nine million units, Columbia Records named Billy their biggest-selling solo artist of the 20th century.
By the time Glass Houses was released in March of 1980, Billy had already won two more Grammy Awards for 52nd Street in the categories Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male. Glass Houses quickly reached #1 on the Billboard chart and remained there for six weeks. The third single release from the album, It's Still Rock And Roll To Me, became Billy's first #1 single. Billy was honored with an American Music Award for "Album of the Year." The North American summer tour included five sold out shows at Madison Square Garden.
Glass Houses won "Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male" at the 1981 Grammy Awards, giving Billy his fifth Grammy in three years, as well as a People's Choice Award for "Favorite Male Pop Performer.
While enjoying the success of his previous studio albums, Billy recorded Songs In The Attic, an album of live concert performances. Songs In The Attic released in September, 1981, and although some of the material was not as widely known, it received a very enthusiastic response from the public. Including the songs She's Got A Way, I've Loved These Days, Captain Jack, and The Ballad Of Billy The Kid, Songs In The Attic became Billy's fourth consecutive Top 10 album.
In 1982, despite a serious motorcycle accident on Long Island, Billy completed the critically acclaimed The Nylon Curtain album. Born out of his concern with the "diminishing horizons" of the American experience, The Nylon Curtain is a hauntingly anthemic journey through the world of blue collar workers in Allentown, Pennsylvania, guilt and interpersonal relationships in Pressure, and the Vietnam experience told through the eyes of a soldier in Goodnight Saigon. The album earned a four star review in Rolling Stone, reached #7 on the BillBoard chart, and was nominated for a Grammy for "Album of the Year" in 1982. Once again, Billy toured in support of the album
After the Nylon Curtain tour ended, Billy returned home and wrote an unprecedented ten songs in seven weeks for a new album. An Innocent Man echoes the music he loved as a kid. The songs that comprise An Innocent Man are Billy's tribute to the music he loved growing up. The Motown girl group inspired Tell Her About It, Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons on Uptown Girl (a #3 single and RIAA certified "Gold" single about his soon to be wife, Christie Brinkley), the great Ben E. King on An Innocent Man, the street corner doo-wop of The Longest Time, and sharkskin, shades and pompadours on Keeping the Faith. An Innocent Man reached #4 on the Billboard charts, was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Album of the Year," and generated six Top 40 singles, three of which made it to the Top 10, including Uptown Girl (which was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male").
In the midst of the excitement and success of An Innocent Man, Columbia Records decided to re-release Cold Spring Harbor, Billy's first solo album in November, 1983. Originally recorded for Family Productions, Cold Spring Harbor contains the original recording of She's Got A Way and Everybody Loves You Now.
In 1985, Greatest Hits Volume I and Volume II became Billy's seventh consecutive Top 10 album. In addition to containing most of the classics in his catalogue, the album also contained two new songs, The Night Is Still Young and You're Only Human (Second Wind), Billy's song of encouragement for teenage suicide prevention. Paul Grein's "Chart Beat" column in Billboard proclaimed Billy to be the "most consistent and prolific male album artist of the decade." That same week, You're Only Human (Second Wind), became Billy's eighth Top 10 single. Billy joined with fellow musicians John Mellencamp and Randy Newman for Farm Aid I, and also participated in USA For Africa.
The highlights of 1985 were Billy's marriage to Christie Brinkley and the birth of their daughter, Alexa Ray. Collaboration with Ray Charles, Steve Winwood, and Cyndi Lauper culminated in the new summer release of The Bridge. Billy recorded Baby Grand with Ray Charles, a long-time hero of Billy's and for whom Alexa Ray was named. Cyndi Lauper co-wrote and sang on Code of Silence and Steve Winwood joined Billy on Getting Closer, playing Hammond B-3 organ. The Bridge also included Modern Woman, the single from the "Ruthless People" motion picture soundtrack. Billy's first North American tour in two years opened on September 29th, and extended through December, with encore performances in many cities scheduled for January, 1986. Meanwhile, the Big Man on Mulberry Street album track was adapted for television by the producers of the hit television show "Moonlighting" (airdate November 18th).
The summer of 1987 marked a personal and professional triumph for Billy as he became the first U.S. pop star to bring a fully-staged rock production to the Soviet Union. Under the U.S.-Soviet General Exchanges Agreement of the Reagan-Gorbachev 1985 Geneva summit, this was a significant cultural breakthrough and was encouraged by the U.S. Information Agency and the Soviet Ministry of Culture. Billy performed in concert at Olympic Sports Complex (Moscow) and V.I. Lenin Sports/Concert Complex (Leningrad). Millions of Soviets saw the closing night in Moscow telecast in its entirety on tape delay. Opening night in Leningrad was the first live rock radio broadcast in Soviet history, made extra special as it was simulcast in the United States. The live double-album, Kohuept (translation: 'In Concert'), chronicled the trip and was released in October.
1989 was a year of great change for Billy, it marked a split with his long time manager, a re-vamping of his band and the first time working with producer Mick Jones (Foreigner). Storm Front was Billy's 14th Columbia album and his first new studio recording since 1986. Both the album and the first single, We Didn't Start The Fire, reached the #1 spots simultaneously on the Billboard album and singles charts on December 16, 1989. The album is suffused with the maritime imagery of The DownEaster "Alexa" and Storm Front, the personal reflections of I Go To Extremes and And So It Goes, a reminiscence of his Soviet sojourn in Leningrad and the heart-wrenching confession of passionate love in Shameless. Storm Front received two Grammy nominations for "Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male," and "Producer of the Year." We Didn't Start The Fire received nominations for "Record of the Year," "Song of the Year," and "Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male."
The Storm Front Tour opened on December 6, 1989 in Worcester, Massachusetts and ended 15 months later on March 24, 1991 with Billy's first ever concert in Mexico City. The tour reached 4.3 million fans via 174 shows in 16 countries, setting attendance records across North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. Highlights were many, but never-to-be-forgotten moments occurred in Berlin, where Billy performed a day after German Reunification; in the Philippines, where he played to GI's on January 15th, the same day Operation Desert Storm began a continent away; and the Bronx, where Billy played the first ever rock concert in Yankee Stadium. Billy also performed two benefit shows at the Jones Beach Amphitheater, on Long Island, The Concerts for the Bays and Baymen. On December 5, 1990, he took a day off from the road and came home to New York to receive a Humanitarian Award from the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, and the Grammy Legend Award
In 1991, while still on tour in support of Storm Front, Garth Brooks' recording of Shameless hit #1 on the Billboard Country Chart, another first for Billy.
In 1992, Billy recorded two Elvis Presley classics "All Shook Up" and" Heartbreak Hotel" for the "Honeymoon in Vegas" motion picture soundtrack. He also recorded "In A Sentimental Mood" for the soundtrack for "A League of Their Own."
Soon after finishing the various soundtrack recordings, Billy began working on a new studio album with producer, Danny Kortchmar. Released in August of 1993, the River of Dreams album debuted at #1 on the BillBoard Hot 100 chart where it stayed for 3 weeks. The first single, The River of Dreams, spent 12 weeks at #1 on the Contemporary Chart, setting a new record.
1994 began with four Grammy nominations for Billy - Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Pop Male Vocal for the song The River of Dreams and Album of the Year for River of Dreams (the album). Later that year, Billy took a break from his own tour to team up with Elton John for a summer stadium tour. The Face To Face Tour was an unqualified success and one of the hottest tickets around. In the fall, Billy resumed his own tour and traveled to Australia at the end of the year. 1994 also saw the end of Billy's marriage to Christie Brinkley. The two separated amicably and divorced in August of that year.
In October 1994, the RIAA certified "Songs in the Attic" and "The Nylon Curtain" for sales of 2 million units which moved Billy into a tie with the Beatles as the act with the most multiplatinum albums. The RIAA also certified "52nd Street" and "Glass Houses" septupleplatinum (7 million units) to make him the only artist to have four albums at the septupleplatinum mark. The other two are "The Stranger" and "An Innocent Man."
The River of Dreams Tour continued into early 1995 with a tour of Japan. Billy was is Osaka during the disastrous Kobe earthquake and donated proceeds of his concert to local earthquake relief. He returned to the States and reprised the Face to Face Tour with Elton John.
After a short breather, Billy hit the college lecture circuit in January, 1996 with "An Evening of Questions, Answers...and a Little Music." After speaking at 32 different schools, the lecture tour concluded in early May with a live radio broadcast at Town Hall in NYC via WPLJ. The event was a benefit to establish The Rosalind Joel Scholarship for the Performing Arts at City College in New York City.
In 1996, Billy found a way to turn his life long passion for boats into a money making venture. Along with Peter Needham of Coecles Harbor Marina & Boatyard, he formed the Long Island Boat Company, and started building the Shelter Island Runabout, a 38' classic powerboat.
In March, 1997, Billy traveled to Washington, DC to receive ASCAP's Founder's Award. Awarded for lifetime achievement, past recipients of the Founder's Award include Paul McCartney, Bob Dylan, Leiber and Stoller and other legends.
Having acheived worldwide sales of over 100 million units earlier this year, 1999 has also marked two other major milestones in Billy Joel's career. In January, he received the American Music Awards "Award of Merit" and in February, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Billy Joel rang in the new millenium with a sellout celebration at New York City's historic Madison Square Garden. The extraordinary concert was recorded and released on Joel's 17th album, "Billy Joel, 2000 Years - The Millenium Concert. In March, 2000, Joel traveled to Washington, D.C. where he received the Smithsonian Institution's James Smithson Bicentennial Medal. Mr. Joel also was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music from Southampton College in May, 2000.
On October 21, 2000, Billy sang the National Anthem at Yankee Stadium for Game One of the New York Yankees 2000 Baseball World Series (Subway Series) versus the New York Mets.
In the first half of 2001, Billy kicked-off a 31 date, 25 city tour of North America with Elton John that lasted from January 19 to May 16. The wildly successful shows were well received with sold out crowds.
On June 14, 2001, Billy was honored by the Songwriter's Hall of Fame with the Johnny Mercer Award, the organization's highest honor, at their annual dinner in New York City. Joel performed "New York State of Mind' on the America: A Tribute To Heroes special that aired on 31 networks simultaneously on September 21, 2001. He also performed at the Concert for New York City on October 20, 2001 playing "Miami 2017 (Seen The Lights Go Out On Broadway)" and "New York State of Mind" as well as performing a poignant duet of "Your Song" with Elton John and participating in the all-star finales "Let It Be" and "Freedom". The concert raised millions of dollars for the September 11th relief fund.
2001 also saw Billy release two new albums. Fantasies and Delusions, his long awaited album of solo piano compositions was released on October 2nd, along with a 36 track compilation album, The Essential Billy Joel. Fantasies and Delusions shot to the top of the classical charts and held the number one position for weeks.
In the fall of 2001, Billy Joel appeared at college campuses for a series of Master Classes. Joel answered questions from the audience and, along with pianist Richard Joo, performed selections from Fantasies and Delusions as well as songs from Joel's extensive song catalog. One of the Master Classes was recorded in Philadelphia and aired nationally on the A&E special "Billy Joel: In His Own Words".
Over the years Joel has contributed unfailingly to such philanthropic causes as "The Make a Wish Foundation" and "Save the Music". He has been awarded four honorary degrees and is a favorite of former president Bill Clinton.
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My Greatest Influence | Reviewer: Regine | 2/8/13
I know you'll probably never read this because, from what I hear, your busy with your classical music. But I wanted you to know that you are the reason I love rock and roll so much, your the reason I became a free thinker, you inspired me to get serious about piano playing and you dared not to get caught up in the hype, which inspired me to start thinking for myself. I love all of your music from piano man to innocent man to "Its still rock and roll to me"
One day when I become a real recording artist and my voice is heard, I will tell the world about my wonderful inspiration.
Greatest Modern Day Singer/songwriter | Reviewer: Terry Gatens | 1/29/13
The first time I heard Billy Joel he came to England and did a live concert for the BBC and played the Stranger Album from that day I was hooked he is for me along with Steely Dan one of the greatest singer songwriters that music has ever produced his music like the classical greats with be listen to for generations to come
P.P.S.: -> | Reviewer: 'J.A.' | 10/13/12
If you ARE against me being myself, Billy, my 'good' news is just a very big complication that my labor situation still gives
me no idea, whatsoever that I can rely on to be any case of mine, greetings, The Danish Guitarist, 'J.A.' She's just semi ac., My Wendy, 4 strings missing, an issue I'm not under obligation, whatsoever that I can see as any relevant problem contradiction case, any big case of mine.
The Best | Reviewer: Tucker | 10/27/11
Billy, if you ever see this, I just wanted to say that you are an amazing piano player. I havw always wanted to see you in concert since I was like 9 years old. I am 15 now. I just want to say you are awesome. Greetings from New Hampshire.
THANKS FOR EVERYTHING | Reviewer: jen | 8/26/11
many stars never know how much they do for people. i am a 16 year old girl going through a lot. it was about the first time i have ever been hospitalized for trying to commit suicide and i has just gotten down yelling and my paretns to get out of my hospital room because they just didnt understand. in the room next to me someone in the waiting room was playing "For the Longest time" i dont know if it was the lyrics or the amazing beat but it made em feel so much better. long story short my and my parents are doing great and i am still alive thank you for being there in a time of need.
hicksville friend | Reviewer: j.valentino | 8/1/11
Hey Billy. We met several times when I was very young. You were friends with my older sister. I graduated Hicks. High in 75. Remember Mid Island Plaza. (it might have been around 1969), my sister Pat, a friend of mine and myself were walking home from the Plaza and you pulled in a car your friend was driving, and my sister had just informed my girlfriend that you were a musician, at that point my friend reached into the car and deliberately dropped her comb into your lap so she could touch you. Although I was at your house and you at mine, was too young to remember you when I met you again at that time, so I was impressed with you as well. It's funny how certain memories stay with you forever, I'm 54 now. The next time I saw you was when I purchased tickets to take my sister to see you perform at a very small venue on Long Island in the latter part of the 70's. You two said hello to each other and that was it. I have almost all your music. Now my 16 year old son is a musician, fantastic guitarist. Hope you got to read this. Take care Billy.
The Green Piano | Reviewer: Peggy Miceli | 7/25/11
I grew up in Hicksville in the 60's, and my oldest sister was best friends with Billy's sister Judy. I remember when I was about 10, Billy came to our house with his sister to play our piano in our basement. Billy was about 15 or 16 then, and he was already incredible. I often wonder if Billy remembers playing our GREEN painted piano in our basement in Hicksville. Love you Billy
A note to William Joel | Reviewer: Tiffany | 6/29/10
I have been a fan of Billy Joels since I was seven years old I am only 17 now but still love your music and think your ace and your daughter is an ace singer too but I must say Billy Joel rules and cant wait til he comes back to the UK so we can go see him live at concert. x
Awesome | Reviewer: Joe F. | 6/6/10
I was born in 1981 on Long Island, in Levittown actually, and honestly did not realize how much of a musical influence Billy Joel had on my childhood. I remember watching MTV in the 80's and seeing "Uptown Girl" and thought wow what a lucky guy he gets to hang out with Christie Brinkley and watching the "We didn't Start the Fire" and having questions of the past 50 years for my parents, not realizing how talented and relatable his music is/was to my own life until recently. I think as I got older I learned to appreciate who I am and where I come from more and more everyday and he is a huge piece to this Long Island puzzle I live in. I also think he has put my parents generation into song, from the Baby Boom, to Vietnam, to the craziness of the 70's and 80's and onto to Parent and now Grandparenthood. I hope he continues to stay true to his roots and all he sees in this big world of ours.
Music Project... : ) | Reviewer: M-LNT-H | 5/30/10
Well, Billy Joel...
Ironically, Ive never heard about you, and probably wouldn't of If my teacher hadn't pulled out Piano Man by Billy Joel from the hat... I'm doing a whole music project on your song and life. Thought it'd be cool for you to hear. Id be happy if someone told me.. But your probably never read this.
So, just thought Id say your an amazing singer and you have a very interesting story... even though I wanted to do my project on Raindrops keep falling on my head.. I'm still happy to do your song... I'm 13 years old.. will be 14 soon. :)
Billy | Reviewer: Dhana Pilkinton | 5/6/10
Hi, my name is
Dhana. I just wanted to let you know I have grown up listening to your music. I listen to yours more than any others. I love Piano Man and the lullaby song. I remember seeing you in concert in the 80s in Valparaiso Indiana. I was attending Valpo U. at the time. I was 18. IT was the first concert I had ever attended and I will never forget it. It was Awesome! Take care.
Amazing | Reviewer: Dani | 4/19/10
Not knowing that i was one of his hugest fans, i herd "why should i worry' from oliver and company, and i fell in love. He has a way with his music in which makes you not care about all the crap in the world and just focus on living life, while your listening to his music.
cielitolindo | Reviewer: maria | 3/1/10
I just saw billy in concert and I was enchanted he is the most interesting,talented and awesome artist of my time. I'm from Mexico and I would do anything to get to talk to him. BILLY YOU ROCK!!!!!! LOVE YA
a fan at the start my husband gave me a vinal of cold spring harbor | Reviewer: brenda wolf | 1/8/10
I grew up in a small town and my parents listened to country western, so I had a limited knowledge of rock. I did like the cream I heard them when I got my first radio the small ones. When I married my husband my knowledge of rock improved and as I said he gave me the album of cold spring harbor. I love it right away even though it was recorded to slow and I looked out for any other albums of yours. smatched up piano man and never looked back I have all your albums and an now in the process of getting them all down loaded so I can enjoy them again. I just want you to know that I know some of your back ground from internet and I think you seemed to be street smart growing up in new York and I read some where you were a boxer once. Well I just think you know a lot aabout how women feel and I have listen to some of your songs and cried I wish my husband would say or feel that way about me. I dont want to get personal but many of your songs touched me in that soft place. gush!!! I also heard your daughter and she is very talented and so pretty.
Thanks to whomever~<3 | Reviewer: Rachel Pocket | 4/13/09
I'm a high school student in the 11th grade and in my history class we were assigned an essay in which we were to write a couple of pages about "the most influential American 1950-2007" I chose Billy Joel and so far this Biography has offered the most information. It's a big help, thanks! ^-^
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