Eric Clapton Biography
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Real Name: Eric Patrick Clapton
Occupation: Musician, Guitarist
Date of Birth: March 30, 1945
Place of Birth: Ripley, England, U.K.
Sign: Sun in Aries, Moon in Scorpio
Education: Expelled from Kingston College of Art
Relations: Ex-wife: Pattie Boyd Harrison; Daughter: Ruth Kelly-Clapton (Born 1/11/1985); Son: Conor (deceased); Daughter : Julie Rose Clapton (Born 15/06/2001)
IN the late 1960s, one of the most prominent pieces of graffiti seen in London and New York was "Clapton is God." Thirty years later, the stalwart guitarist and singer continues to hold the initiated enthralled, and a fair share of his present-day fans weren't even born when those words of worship were emblazoned on public edifices. Clapton's meandering and groundbreaking musical career has been punctuated by extreme personal hardship and tragedy. Through the emotional truth of his music, he has sought refuge and release from the suffering of drug and alcohol addiction, personal relationships gone awry, and the deaths of several loved ones.
Eric Patrick Clapton was born on March 30, 1945, in his grandparent's house at 1, The Green, Ripley, Surrey, England. He was the illegitimate son of Patricia Molly Clapton and Edward Fryer, a Canadian soldier stationed in England. After W.W.II Fryer returned to his wife in Canada, Patricia left Eric in the custody of his grandparents, Rose and Jack Clapp. (The surname Clapton is from Rose's first husband, Reginald Cecil Clapton.) Patricia moved to Germany where she eventually married another Canadian soldier, Frank McDonald.
Young Ricky (that's what his grandparent's called him) was a quiet and polite child, an above average student with an aptitude for art. He was raised believing that his grandparents were his parents and his mother was his sister, to shield him the stigma that illegitimacy carried with it. The truth was eventually revealed to him, at the age of nine by his grandmother. Later, when Eric would visit his mother, they would still pretend to be brother and sister.
As an adolescent, Clapton glimpsed the future when he tuned in to a Jerry Lee Lewis appearance on British television. Lewis's explosive performance, coupled with young Eric's emerging love of the blues and American R&B, was powerful enough to ignite a desire to learn to play guitar. He commenced studies at the Kingston College of Art, but his intended career path in stained-glass design ended permanently when the blues-obsessed Clapton was expelled at seventeen for playing guitar in class. He took a job as a manual laborer and spent most of his free time playing the electric guitar he persuaded his grandparents to purchase for him. In time, Clapton joined a number of British blues bands, including the Roosters and Casey Jones, and eventually rose to prominence as a member of the Yardbirds, whose lineup would eventually include all three British guitar heroes of the sixties: Clapton, Jimmy Page, and Jeff Beck. The group became a sensation for their blues-tinged rock, as did the budding guitar virtuoso Clapton,
who earned the nickname "Slowhand" because his forceful string-bending often resulted in broken guitar strings, which he would replace onstage while the crowd engaged in a slow hand-clapping.
Despite the popularity of the band's first two albums, Five Live Yardbirds and For Your Love, Clapton left in 1965, because he felt the band was veering away from its bluesy bent in favor of a more commercially viable pop focus. He joined John Mayell's Bluesbreakers almost immediately, and in the ferment of that band's purist blues sensibilities, his talent blossomed at an accelerated rate--he quickly became the defining musical force of the group. "Clapton is God" was the hue and cry of a fanatic following that propelled the band's Bluesbreakers album to No. 6 on the English pop charts. Clapton parted company with the Bluesbreakers in mid-1966 to form his own band, Cream, with bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker. With this lineup, Clapton sought "to start a revolution in musical thought . . . to change the world, to upset people, and to shock them." His vision was more than met as Cream quickly became the preeminent rock trio of the late sixties. On the strength of their first three albums (Fresh Cre
am, Disraeli Gears, and Wheels of Fire) and extensive touring, the band achieved a level of international fame approaching that of the Rolling Stones and the Beatles, and Clapton became even more almighty in the minds of his fans. In fact, the "Clapton is God" gospel contributed largely to Cream's disintegration--the band had always been a three-headed beast of warring egos, and their intense chemistry, exacerbated by the drug abuse of all three, inevitably led to a farewell tour in 1968 and the release of the Goodbye album in 1969. Early in 1969, Clapton united with Baker, bassist Rick Grech, and Traffic's Steve Winwood to record one album as Blind Faith, rock's first "supergroup." In support of their self-titled album, Blind Faith commenced a sold-out, twenty-four-city American tour, the stress of which resulted in the demise of the band less than a year after its inception.
Clapton kept busy for a time as an occasional guest player with Delaney & Bonnie, the husband-and-wife team that had been Blind Faith's opening act during their tour. A disappointing live album from that collaboration was released in 1970, as was Clapton's self-titled solo debut. That album featured three other musicians--bassist Carl Radle, keyboardist Bobby Whitlock, and drummer Jim Gordon--from Delaney's band, and yielded a modest pop hit with Clapton's version of J.J. Cale's "After Midnight." The collective proceeded to baptize themselves Derek and the Dominos, and commenced recording Clapton's landmark double album Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs, with the added contribution of slide guitarist Duane Allman. An anguished lament of unrequited love, "Layla" was inspired by a difficult love triangle between Clapton, his close friend George Harrison, and Harrison's wife Pattie (she and Clapton eventually married in 1979 and divorced in 1988). Unfortunately, personal struggles and career pressure on the gu
itarist led to a major heroin addiction. Derek and the Dominos crumbled during the course of an American tour and an aborted attempt to record a second album.
Clapton withdrew from the spotlight in the early seventies, wallowing in his addiction and then struggling to conquer it. Following the advice of the Who's Pete Townsend, he underwent a controversial but effective electro-acupuncture treatment and was fully rehabilitated. He rebounded creatively with a role in the film version of Townsend's rock opera, Tommy, and with a string of albums, including the reggae-influenced 461 Ocean Boulevard, which yielded a chart-topping single cover of Bob Marley's "I Shot the Sheriff." Some critics and fans were disappointed by Clapton's post-rehab efforts, feeling that he had abandoned his former guitar-heavy approach in favor of a more laid-back and vocal-conscious one.
Just One Night, Clapton's galvanizing 1980 live album, reminded devotees just exactly who their guitar hero was, but unfortunately, this period marked Clapton's critical slide into a serious drinking problem that eventually hospitalized him for a time in 1981. He experienced a creative resurgence after reining in his alcoholism, releasing a string of consistently successful albums--Another Ticket (1981), Money and Cigarettes (1983), Behind the Sun (1985), August (1986), Journeyman (1989)--and turning his personal life around. Though some say Clapton never regained the musical heights of his heroin days, his legend nevertheless continued to grow. That he was a paragon of rock became more than apparent when Polygram released a rich four-CD retrospective of his career, Crossroads, in 1988; the set scored Grammy awards for Best Historical Album and Best Liner Notes.
In late 1990, the fates delivered Clapton a terrible blow when guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan and Clapton road crew members Colin Smythe and Nigel Browne--all close friends of Clapton's--were killed in a helicopter crash. A few months later, he was dealt another cruel blow when Conor, his son by Italian model Lori Del Santo, fell forty-nine stories from Del Santo's Manhattan high-rise apartment to his death. Clapton channeled his shattering grief into writing the heart-wrenching 1992 Grammy-winning tribute to his son, "Tears in Heaven." (Clapton received a total of six Grammys that year for the single and for the album Unplugged.)
In 1994, he began once again to play traditional blues; the album, From the Cradle, marked a return to raw blues standards, and it hit with critics and fans. The fifty-one-year-old Clapton shows no signs of slowing down: in February of 1997 he picked up Record of the Year and Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Grammys for "Change the World," from the soundtrack of the John Travolta movie Phenomenon.
Already a double inductee into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Yardbirds and Cream, a third nod as a solo artist is an inevitable honor for the legendary guitarist. Until Clapton springs his next album on a waiting world, fans can content themselves with his latest side project, TDF. The band's techno-pedigreed 1997 release, Retail Therapy, represents a marked musical departure from Clapton's blues-rock roots, and he appears on the album with the correspondingly off-the-wall pseudonym "X-Sample."
Next came the acclaimed Pilgrim, which captured the Grammy nomination for Best Pop Album in ‘98. In 1999 he won a Grammy for his performance on “The Calling” from Santana’s Supernatural. Clapton revisited the blues with friend and musical legend BB King in 2000’s Riding With The King, garnering the artist more platinum and a Grammy nomination in a career full of chartbusters and precious metal.
The only triple inductee into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame (as a member of both The Yardbirds and Cream and as a solo artist), Eric Clapton continues to astonish and delight a vast spectrum of music lovers. It’s a legacy that continues with the release of Reptile, the latest journey in the lifelong musical odyssey of an authentic musical genius.
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Stain Glass Art and Love of same. | Reviewer: Michael Young | 9/16/12
I am and have been a Stain Glass Artist for over 35 years. I was just wondering if Mr. Clapton was still in love with the Art.
Thanks for the time. Michael Young USA firstname.lastname@example.org I would love to share art or drawings.
just because | Reviewer: t scarborough | 4/10/12
In my time in listing to Eric Clapton, just how he play's and sing's songs that other's have before him he just brings it to you. I,ve been a big Clapton fan I,m going though some tough marrige time right now and Clapton is helping me through it. His music will live forever and Thank God!!!!!!!!!!!!
One of the best guitar solo's ever | Reviewer: Rod | 3/31/10
The song cocaine played live is one of my favorite guitar solo's. I think it is amazing how the hollow box is played as lead in the second half of the solo.I was privlidged to see and hear Clapton in 1968 when he was in Cream.
I would like to know if the live version of cocaine is all Clapton. I have a dispute with someone who says it also has Albert Lee playing the second part but I think it's Clapton as he played both electric guitar and hollow box leads when I saw him in 68. I know he has had various guests playing with him on cocaine(Lee,Knoffler I've seen)but that is later in his career.
eric's part in saving my life. | Reviewer: tony brown | 4/11/09
I was lying in bed after my 10th detox getting ready to celerbrate my sobriety with a drink? and someone told me ERIC CLAPTON was an alcoholic? But he is well? my friend bought me his book, i started to belive that recovery was possible,I made this promise, if ther is a god get me into a 12 step rehab and get me through and i will dedicate the rest of my new life to helping alcoholics God did save me and i've been fighting the system here in england to help alkys' for the last 6 years + we now number 47 1year+ 16 2years+ and 7 3years+ sober inspite of the medical control your drinking system. ERIC'S music is probably the most important thing about Eric for the vast magority of the human race, but to my little group of sober alcoholics his example of sober living is his gift to us. I just missed you (ERIC) at the MUSTARD SEED CHICAGO last month i hope to have the oppertunity to meet you one day, in the mean time thank you from the bottom of my heart LIF tony b PS Mahat says hi
Way too little detail about Duane Allman and others | Reviewer: 88maverick | 1/13/09
Disappointed greatly that Clapton only briefly mentioned Tom Dowd and Duane Allman,two very pivotal persons in his career. Book is way too thin on details of his music and way too thick on his obsession with minor details of his AA days.
You forgot one thing | Reviewer: Ryan E | 5/23/08
Back in 1992 Eric Clapton teamed up with Sting to produce the most amazing soundtrack song for the movie Lethal weapon 3. The magic those two produced is unlike any other song in a movie, but that's just my opinion, I'm not a big fan of either artists, but I know an amazing song when I hear it, And when I hear "it was probably me" by sting and Eric clapton I get goosebumps.
My Heroe | Reviewer: Maybelin | 4/28/08
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I just read his biography, without doubt, music has brought back him to life, fortunately, after many battles he is still among us. He have been a sort of inspiration
Thank you "God" for your music
nothing like it. | Reviewer: william | 3/12/08
you know.i spend hours listening to him. ill sit in front of the stario and just listen to him play. all day i dont even care if its the same song or not but one thing that i do have to say is if he was still into haroin he would be dead or yet alive but just cant play. hes just as good now as he was before
The only one in Guitar | Reviewer: puneet | 11/8/07
The first time i heard Sir Clapton, i was stunned to hear the song Layla, and must have heard it a thousand of times. I have tried my level best searching all the sites to keep this song as my caller's tune. I am using an Air-Tel Number. I am so much into this song which i cant express in words.
Eric is god! | Reviewer: Joe | 5/10/05
W-O-W a true musical genius and simply elequent guitar player.
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